Which Boat is That?

Gaff Rigged Schooner

Gaff Rigged Schooner
Gaff Rigged Schooner

A Gaff Rigged Schooner uses a four cornered sail, controlled at it's peak with a spar called the gaff.

Relative to a triangular (Bermudan) rig, they can carry more sail area for a given mast height. Sometimes a triangular fore-and-aft sail called a jib-headed topsail is carried between the gaff and the mast.

Possible Choices

Zodiac

Locate Stats Stats for Zodiac
length160
beam25.5
height127
draft16
displacement147
sailarea7000
built1924
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Designer: William H. Hand, Jr
Builder: Hodgdon Brothers Shipyard, East Boothbay, ME (1924)
Home Port: Belingham WA
  • Huge (160 long, 127 feet tall) gaff-rigged schooner.
  • 8 on mainsail
  • lots of brown topside woodwork.
  • White hull with brown bulwarkan extension of a ship's sides above the level of the deck..
  • Unlike Adventuress, only the mainmast is two piece, with brown connectors.
  • Foremast is noticeably shorter than mainmast.

Built for the heirs of the Johnson & Johnson family, Zodiac travelled to the Arctic in 1924, then placed fourth in a 1928 King's Cup Transatlantic Race. During the Depression she transferred to California and was renamed California, serving as a pilot schooner alongside Adventuress: they were two of the last three sail-powered pilot vessels in the United States.

She welcomed home troops returning from World War II. Retired in 1972, she was restored and returned to her maiden name. In 1982 she made the National Register of Historic Places.

Pacific Grace

Locate Stats Stats for Pacific Grace
length138.7
beam22
height120
draft11.5
displacement175
sailarea7564
built2001
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Designer: Paul Gartside
Builder: Tony Anderson (2001)
Home Port: Victoria BC
  • Huge (138' long), Gaff Help quadrilateral sail attached at the top to a gaff Schoonera two masted ship with the tallest mast (mainmast) in the rear
  • Flies a Canadian and a BC Flag.
  • Black hull

Pacific Grace was built in 2001 as a Replica of the historic Robertson II She is built of Douglas Fir, yellow cedar, and purple heart. She has sailed extensively through the South Pacific, and to China and Japan.

Adventuress

Locate Stats Stats for Adventuress
length133
beam21
height110
draft12
displacement115
sailarea5478
built1913
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Designer: B. B. Crowninshield
Builder: Rice Brothers, East Boothbay ME (1913)
Home Port: Port Townsend WA
  • Huge (133 long, 110 feet tall)
  • 15 on mainsail
  • lots of dark brown topside woodwork
  • white hull with partial brown stripe near top of hull
  • unlike Zodiac, both masts are two-piece (have a “topmast”) with white connectors.
  • Foremast nearly as tall as mainmast.

Built in Maine in 1913. After a scientific expedition to the Pribilof Islands off Alaska, Adventuress moved on to California as a pilot boat off San Francisco Bay alongside Zodiac: they were two of the last three sail-powered pilot vessels in the United States. Adventuress served as a US Coast Guard patrol boat during World War II.

Sadly neglected after the war, she sailed to Seattle for restoration and rebirth as a youth adventure sail trainer. In 1989 she was recognized as a National Historic Landmark.

Merrie Ellen

Locate Stats Stats for Merrie Ellen
length114
beam20
height
draft10.5
displacement
sailarea
built1922
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Home Port: Brinnon WA
  • Large gaff-rigged Schooner (114 feet long)
  • Tan hull, green covestripea decorative horizontal stripe along the top line of planking of the hull, white bulwarkan extension of a ship's sides above the level of the deck.
  • Large white cabin ("pilot house schooner")
  • Brown masts with white tops.

Built as a halibut schooner in Vancouver BC in 1922. She was converted to a coal fired steam tug boat and hauled limestone between B.C. and Los Angeles. Reconverted to sail and passenger service in 1979. Completely restored in Port Townsend in 2008.

Alcyone

Locate Stats Stats for Alcyone
length81
beam15.5
height?
draft10
displacement27
sailarea4500
built1956
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Builder: Frank Prothero (1956)
Home Port: Port Townsend WA
  • Gaff rigged schooner
  • One square-rigged spar on front mast
  • White hull.
  • Noticeable smokestack over the galley.
  • Raised bulwarks on aft half.

Alcyone is modeled after a Gloucester Fishing Schooner, and named after the daughter of the Wind.

She appears on the cover of the Sept 2017 48 North Magazine. Watercolor by Sandra Smity-Poling

Spike Africa

Locate Stats Stats for Spike Africa
length79
beam13.5
height
draft7.5
displacement
sailarea
built1977
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Builder: Bob Sloan (1977)
Home Port: Friday Harbor WA
  • Tops of masts painted white
  • Foremast has no topmast and is noticeably shorter than mainmast.
  • Blue / white / red hull.
  • Prominent Boom-Gallows

Named after the famous schooner captain, the schooner Spike Africa served many years as a hard working boat along the West Coast. She appeared in the film "Joe vs. the Volcano" and several TV shows. She underwent an extensive refit starting in 2009.

Mycia

Stats Stats for Mycia
length73
beam16
height
draft9.5
displacement
sailarea
built1981
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Designer: Franken and Prothero
Builder: Northwest School of Wooden Boat Building (1981)
Home Port: Port Townsend WA
  • Large Gaff-rigged schooner
  • Tall, prominent, two-tone cabin
  • White hull with brown covestripea decorative horizontal stripe along the top line of planking of the hull
  • Brown masts with white tops.
  • Foremast nearly as tall as mainmast.

Mycia is a hand-made, wooden, Grand Banks-style fishing schooner hand built at the Northwest School of Wooden Boatbuilding.

Dirigo II

Stats Stats for Dirigo II
length72
beam15.66
height?
draft8
displacement40
sailarea?
built1939
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Designer: John Alden
Builder: Gowdy & Stevens, Booth Bay ME (1939)
Home Port: Friday Harbor WA
  • Gaff rigged schooner
  • Prominent "Ratlines", the black ladders up the masts
  • White hull with green covestripea decorative horizontal stripe along the top line of planking of the hull , green bottompaintpaint below the waterline, usually to discourage weeds, barnacles, and decay, and black bootstripea decorative horizontal stripe along the waterline.
  • Usually flies a red and yellow pennant from top of mainmast, and US flag ("ensign") off the mainsail.

Dirigo I was sunk by a German U-Boat in 1917. Dirigo II has fared much better! Designed for stability, practicality, and speed, Dirigo II was christened by the Governor of Maine, bears that state's motto ("I lead") and carries a ceremonial Maine flag. She has circumnavigated the world twice, and has a long and successful race career. She is featured in the novel Count the Cats in Zanzibar by former Captain Jim Crawford. She moved to the Puget Sound area in 2009 and was extensively restored.

Pleiades

Stats Stats for Pleiades
length59
beam12
height
draft7
displacement19
sailarea
built1990
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Designer: Howard Chappell
Builder: Duncan & Stallcup (1990)
Home Port: Union WA
  • Gaff rigged schooner
  • Black hull, white cabins
  • Burgundy Sails
  • Double-ended Help Where both bow and stern are pointed. (as on a Viking longship). Stern is extremely pointy and raised ("pinky schooner").
  • Sails show horizontal stripes (from their battens)

Built on Sauvie Island Oregon, Pleiades is a distinctive boat that has sailed extensively around the Pacific NW.

Grail

Stats Stats for Grail
length55
beam12.5
height
draft8
displacement
sailarea
built1986
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Designer: Jim Franken
Builder: Jim Ferris, Port Townsend (1986)
Home Port: Vashon WA
  • Hybrid: Foresail is Gaff-Rigged Help quadrilateral sail attached at the top to a gaff, Mainsail is Bermuda Help having a triangular mainsail
  • Green bottompaintpaint below the waterline, usually to discourage weeds, barnacles, and decay and covestripea decorative horizontal stripe along the top line of planking of the hull
  • White masts

Grail is a Marconi main, gaff fore schooner in the tradition of the early John Alden schooners. She has sailed as far as the Galapagos Islands. Most of her cruising has been in Washington and Canadian waters.